This effigy or "statue" appears to naturally have the shape of a python, but eyes and scales appear to have been carved into the rock. Small man made chips creates the appearance of scales, especially when the cave is lit at night.
Archaeologists also discovered a secret cave behind the statue of the python that could have been used as a hiding place by the Shaman so that he could talk to his people as the python deity.
Spearheads of many different colours were excavated from just below where the snake statue is in the cave. Among these were burnt red spearheads, a sign of ritualistic burning and sacrifice that indicates some kind of ritual was practiced.
This site is significant because the spear fragments have been dated at around 70,000 years old, which is much older than the oldest sites in Europe. It can therefore be deduced that early man was practicing rituals much earlier than previously thought.
There are over 4000 paintings in the caves in the Tsodilo Hills, but in the Python cave there are just two, one of an Elephant and one of a Giraffe. These are significant given San mythology, as the python was often metaphorically represented as an Elephant. They have a tale about the time where their python deity fell into a river and could not get out, and the Giraffe with his long neck leaned in and helped rescue the python.
The Tsodilo Hills and particularly this site are still sacred to the San people today and visitors who visit the sites often tell of the sense of mystique that surrounds the caves and religious representations on their walls.by Michael English